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Textiles of Moroccan rugs

Weaving has always held a considerable place in Morocco. In the countryside as well as in the cities, the fabric industry and the small trades related to it employ an important icnif. The raw materials used are mainly wool and silk while the natural or artificial silk. cotton haberdashery and gold thread imported from Europe and Japan, are used by urban artisans for the manufacture of fine fabrics and silk backdrops of great pomp. In the large old cities where a certain tradition is maintained (Fes. Marrakech or Tetouan), the weavers' cooperatives are still among the most active, despite competition from the production of modern factories and imported fabrics.

Each corporation was once specialized in a particular category of weaving, using a specific quality of yarn to the exclusion of other routes: the derntza, manufacturers of andinary djed. andinaires, used wool and cotton: those who made the pieces Ginter, og sometimes enter the wool and cotton, but also natural or artificial silk, are spelis derrota de Haone: as for the wool blankets (trettania), they come out of the ate- liers of the bratnia.

To these three guilds, it is necessary to add the manufacturers of silk scarves or sbay- me the hainaut, specialists of the belts of feast, very prized a short time ago, finally the zriba or brocade manufacturers, who represented the aristocracy of the silk or Aumene The weaving of brocade on the Jacquard loom, which would deserve to him a long development, is maintained today only in Fez.

As for the rural weavers, they devote themselves almost exclusively to woollen fabrics. The preparation of the raw material, produced locally, occupies a large female labor force, which is divided among those who wash, clean, bleach. card it or comb it at home, to finally transform it into threads of different calibers. Competition from mechanical spinning mills is severe, but traditional spinning still retains its amateurs, especially for buttoned yarns, which are difficult to produce in a factory.

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